This article is written by Anvita Bhardwaj, a student pursuing B.A. LL.B. from Symbiosis Law School, NOIDA. This article explains the concept of corporate social responsibility, its types, importance, and approaches while highlighting why a company needs to engage in corporate social responsibility. 

It has been published by Rachit Garg.

Table of Contents


You may have noticed that people nowadays boycott brands that they believe engage in unethical practices. A common example of this can be fast fashion clothing brands such as Shein, Zara, or H&M. Consumers are learning more about and becoming more interested in how a company does business through research and social media. Nowadays, companies aim to convince customers that they care more about social and environmental objectives than just profit through corporate social responsibility. 

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In this article, you will learn what corporate social responsibility means, its types, approaches, pros and cons, and why companies need to engage in it in order to advance their businesses.  

What is corporate social responsibility 

Engaging in corporate social responsibility means that, in the ordinary course of business, a company is operating in ways that enhance society and the environment instead of contributing negatively to them.

Corporate social responsibility is a self-regulating corporate strategy that enables an organization to be socially accountable to its customers, employees, and other stakeholders. Through corporate social responsibility, also called “corporate citizenship,” companies can be aware of how they affect the economic, social, and environmental aspects of society. 

Depending on the business and industry, corporate social responsibility is a broad concept that can take many different shapes. Businesses can enhance their brands while helping society through CSR initiatives, philanthropy, and volunteer work.

A company must first be accountable to itself and its shareholders before it can be socially responsible. Companies that implement CSR initiatives frequently expand to the point where they can support the community. Therefore, CSR is often a technique that big businesses use. After all, the more well-known and successful a company is, the more it needs to set a good example for its employees, competitors, and the industry as a whole.

Understanding corporate social responsibility through the example of Ben and Jerry’s 

An example of how a small ice cream company grew while engaging in corporate social responsibility is the famous Ben and Jerry’s. Despite the fact that Ben & Jerry’s produces ice cream, they are dedicated to improving the world through their core beliefs. Their CSR strategy is built around this. Let’s look at the business using Carroll’s CSR Pyramid, which contends that corporate social responsibility may be portrayed as a pyramid of four distinct kinds of duties. These include financial, ethical, legal, and altruistic duties. 

First and foremost, the corporation has an obligation to make sure that the business is successful. Sales in 2021 reached over 202 million units in the United States alone, indicating that the company’s operations are successful, and as a result, it fulfills this commitment.

Next comes the legal. The premise behind adhering to legal obligations is that a business must abide by all societal laws and regulations. Along with other regulatory duties, the company’s operations and reporting requirements also fulfill this responsibility. 

After this come the ethical obligations that are founded on the premise that a corporation should act morally and fairly. This is included in the following layer of the pyramid. The company’s mission statement says that one of its goals is to promote ethical business practices. These include making money for everyone involved, giving employees more job opportunities, buying from local farmers, using natural ingredients, etc. All businesses are expected (by society) to adhere to these models of fair and ethical corporate conduct.

Philanthropic obligations, which ensure that the company contributes to social and environmental goals, are included in the pyramid’s top tier. Ben and Jerry’s strives to produce ice cream that impacts the world in a variety of ways beyond the product, and this is guided by the company’s mission statement and fundamental principles. The company seeks to advance human rights and dignity, support social and economic justice for vulnerable people, and safeguard the planet’s natural systems by utilizing its activities and platform.

Caroll’s pyramid of responsibilities

A theory of corporate social responsibility was put forth by Caroll. He proposed using a pyramid of four different categories of obligations to express corporate social responsibility:

  1. Economic obligations make up the pyramid’s base (lower layer). This obligation is founded on the notion that a functioning company must make sure it is lucrative enough to survive—this is necessary for society.
  2. Legal obligations are included in the pyramid’s next layer. This obligation is founded on the notion that a business must abide by the rules and laws established by society because it is also expected of it.
  3. Moral obligations make up the pyramid’s third level. This obligation encompasses the notion that a company should act morally upright and fairly, even if they are not required to by law; rather, society expects them to do so.
  4. Philanthropic duties make up the pyramid’s top tier. This obligation implies that the company must act responsibly as a corporate citizen, making sure that it supports social, environmental, and cultural goals. Society values this kind of corporate citizenship.

Types of corporate social responsibility 

Environmental responsibility 

Environmental responsibility is the idea that businesses should act in a way that is as ecologically beneficial as possible. One of the most widespread examples of corporate social responsibility is this. Some businesses refer to these programs as “environmental stewardship.”

There are numerous ways for businesses to embrace environmental responsibility:

  • reducing harmful behaviors, such as lowering water use, water pollution, greenhouse gas emissions, single-use plastic use, and general waste;
  • increased reliance on sustainable resources, recycled materials, and renewable energy sources to control energy usage;  and
  • reducing harmful environmental effects, such as by sponsoring research, planting trees, and making donations to organizations that support similar causes.

Ethical responsibility 

Making sure a company runs ethically and fairly is part of having ethical responsibility. When an organization embraces ethical responsibility, it aspires to act ethically by treating all parties fairly, including the leadership, investors, employees, suppliers, and customers.

There are numerous ways for businesses to embrace ethical responsibility. For instance, if the minimum wage set by the state or federal government does not provide a “livable income,” a business may set its own higher minimum wage. A company may also demand that goods, ingredients, supplies, or parts be sourced in accordance with free trade principles. Many businesses have procedures in place to make sure they aren’t purchasing goods made using child labor or slavery in this area.

Philanthropic responsibility 

Philanthropic duty is the goal of a company to actively improve society and the planet.

Organizations motivated by philanthropic responsibility frequently donate a portion of their profits in addition to conducting themselves as ethically and environmentally friendly as feasible. While many businesses support organizations and charities that share their guiding principles, others support deserving causes unrelated to their line of work. Some people even go so far as to start their own charity trust or organization in order to give back and improve society.

Financial responsibility 

Economic responsibility is the practice of a company committing to do good in the aforementioned areas while supporting all of its financial decisions. The ultimate objective is to ensure that corporate operations have a positive influence on the environment, people, and society, not just to increase profits.

Why should your company engage in corporate social responsibility

There are three reasons why businesses should commit to CSR. The first incentive is purely utilitarian, meaning that it may be used to boost sales, investment returns, and profits. Sometimes businesses employ CSR practices to conform to the social expectations of their stakeholders. The negative duty approach is the name given to this second motivator. The third motive, known as the “positive duty approach,” however, integrates CSR ideals into the very fabric of the company. 

Businesses that are proactive and want to have a beneficial impact on society exhibit this motivation. Businesses must commit to social responsibility because of public expectations. The public increasingly anticipates that firms will pursue social goals in addition to their financial ones. Such dedication is also encouraged by long-term profits. Businesses that are regarded as socially responsible have more long-term profit security. CSR commitment improves interactions with the community and helps a company project a positive image. It is essential for businesses to uphold moral standards. A company’s success depends on its public perception. A positive public image is connected to more consumers, better employees, access to money markets, and other advantages. Socially conscious businesses can contribute to a better environment, a higher standard of living, and a more desirable neighborhood. Government regulation decreases as a result of CSR. Long-term stock prices benefit from social responsibility because the market views socially responsible companies as less risky.

In order to establish long-term commercial connections with customers, businesses must now establish their credibility. Businesses must support the communities where they operate. Such engagement will win over customers in local markets for businesses. Fair working conditions and respect for employees are required. Companies are required to implement ethical recruiting procedures and support a hostile work environment. The ensuing atmosphere will foster camaraderie and raise workplace spirit.

Importance of corporate social responsibility 

Most businesses adopt a CSR strategy for factors other than mere profit. A company’s consideration of its duties is frequently motivated by moral values, the conviction that doing the “right thing” is the best course of action, and concern for the well-being of both present and future generations.

  • Brand marketing: CSR can assist companies with their brand positioning strategy in terms of marketing (positioning in the market as a responsible brand)
  • Customers: Increased consumer awareness over environmental and social concerns makes it easier for businesses to draw in new customers and keep their current ones happy by emphasizing CSR.
  • Internal benefits: Employees and consumers alike are drawn to businesses that are known to take social responsibility seriously. Internal governance is taken into account by CSR. Therefore, the business also has established procedures for internal policies (for example, ethical management or flexible working hours). This can entice new hires while also encouraging and retaining current employees.
  • Lower production costs: A company that cares about the environment may profit from lower manufacturing costs brought on by less energy consumption or cheaper packaging (less plastic packaging).
  • Risk management: By becoming a moral and accountable business from the start, a firm is more likely to stay out of regulatory or legal trouble in the future.

Pros of corporate social responsibility 

A driving force for sensible consumption

Many people think that changing unsustainable ways of consuming is one of the most important steps toward achieving sustainable development. Through the products and services they offer and the way they do so, businesses may play a significant role in promoting sustainable consumption habits and lifestyles. Changing consumer choices is only one aspect of “responsible consumerism.” Additionally, it concerns the products that are offered on the market, how those products relate to concerns about consumer rights and sustainability, and how regulatory bodies mediate the exchange of goods between producers and consumers.

Increased access to capital

Financial organizations are increasingly evaluating projects using social and environmental factors. Investors are looking for signs of efficient CSR management when deciding where to spend their money. A strong CSR component in a business plan is frequently mistaken for sound management.

Robust social license 

Stakeholder relations are improved when citizens and other stakeholders have a better grasp of the company’s goals and operations. This could therefore result in stronger and longer-lasting coalitions between the public, private, and civic societies (all of which relate closely to CSR reputation, discussed above). Building “social capital” can be aided by CSR.

Improved capacity to handle change 

A business that keeps its “ear to the ground” through ongoing stakeholder communication is better able to foresee and adapt to potential legislative, economic, social, and environmental changes. Companies are increasingly using CSR as a “radar” to spot changing market trends.

More productive and efficient partnerships to attract and create in the supplier chain

The supply chain’s weakest link makes a company susceptible. By raising standards and lowering risks, like-minded businesses can establish beneficial, long-term commercial connections. Larger companies might encourage smaller companies they do business with to adopt a CSR strategy. For instance, some major clothing retailers demand that their suppliers adhere to worker laws and standards.

Improved management of reputation 

When it comes to CSR, companies that act well can enhance their reputation, while those that act poorly risk damaging their brand and company value. Reputation, also called brand equity, is built on qualities like trustworthiness, dependability, quality, and consistency. Even for companies without direct retail exposure through brands, the business importance of their supply chain partner’s reputation for dealing with CSR issues can’t be overstated.

Better risk management and anticipating across a wider spectrum

Supply security and overall market stability can be increased by managing governance, legal, social, environmental, economic, and other risks successfully in an environment with an increasing number of competing interests. One method of effectively anticipating and managing risk is to take into account the interests of parties who are concerned about the impact of a firm.

Cons of corporate social responsibility 

Increased cost of operations 

If you invest in CSR to any extent, it might result in substantial prices and expenses. To account for this fiscal adjustment, organizations may need to restructure their financial operations. To train staff, start campaigns, and work with outside agencies to implement programs, they need financing. It mostly depends on the CSR initiative type, but the majority require some effort to make sure everything goes according to plan.

The cost of an organization’s CSR efforts may be borne by shareholders, clients, or customers. Investors will be curious to find out how and where their money is being spent. Clients would be interested in learning about your projects, whether they connect with the goals of their organization, and whether there are any potential conflicts of interest. Customers are more aware of businesses that actively promote CSR. Your marketing and sales initiatives may be impacted by this.

Public scrutiny and higher accountability 

The effect on the public image is one of the biggest downsides of CSR in business. When you’re in the spotlight, everything you do is more likely to be examined. You risk facing criticism for even the slightest activities as a company that upholds its credibility through its actions. This may harm your customer base, which could place you at a disadvantage. In order to preserve their brand and public image, businesses must invest substantially.

Companies that invest in CSR commit to acting with greater accountability and responsibility. You need to undertake damage control and make things right. For instance, if your commercial operations have a bad influence on the environment, you may come under scrutiny. Another example is if, on the one hand, your products aren’t environmentally friendly or sustainable and, on the other, your CSR division is speaking out against environmental harms like climate change, then your actions would be perceived as hypocritical. Before making the necessary CSR investments, you must evaluate your business.

Contrasting business interests may make you lose sight of what really matters 

Typically, any company’s primary goal is to make money. Companies that practice corporate social responsibility must take the needs of the general public into account. When making crucial decisions, this may lead to a conflict between the corporation’s business objectives. Let’s see an example. Consider whether or not to purchase a piece of property or other pieces of equipment that will serve your company’s needs but could hurt the neighborhood or the environment.

You can sometimes lose sight of what’s important when you’re totally immersed in extracurricular activities that distract you from your work. You can begin engaging in CSR merely because you gain popularity and attention. Some may turn to the use of phony campaigns and bogus promises to draw large crowds. When attempting to do good for others, it is crucial to be true to yourself, have faith in the process, and put forth your best effort.

Different types of approaches to corporate social responsibility


The obstructive approach is one of the most deceitful approaches to corporate social responsibility. Obstruction means to block or interfere. Therefore, an obstructionist approach ignores societal obligations. It is more focused on making money and grabbing profits. Companies that are obstructionist are known to pollute, mislead customers, and even abuse their own personnel.


Consider this for example:- fruit juice producers that hide evidence of the use of industrial sugar in the production of pure fruit juice goods are clearly exploiting consumers since they want to make the juice more delicious to draw in more customers, but by doing so, they are deceiving the customers as they claim their juice is free from added sugar.


Companies that adopt a defensive attitude toward social responsibility are typically not acting very responsibly. These businesses may view themselves as impartial, and they may prioritize financial gain over taking socially responsible action. These businesses make a point of abiding by the law to prevent others from suing them, but they do not go above and beyond what is legally needed. 


As an illustration, consider businesses that are required by law to pay 2% of their net earnings to social responsibility but only contribute 2% and no less in order to comply with the law and avoid potential legal repercussions and cross-examination.


A corporation that takes an accommodating position views social responsibility as crucial, possibly even more so than making a profit. These businesses comply with all legal requirements and make an effort to uphold moral values. An accommodating business does not make an effort to conceal its acts and is honest about the motivations behind them.


A few companies that go above and beyond are Walmart, Disney, and Google. The three businesses are renowned for providing excellent benefits to their staff members.


Similar to a company that is accommodating, a proactive business prioritizes social responsibility.

A proactive business tries to stay ahead of the curve when it comes to social responsibility rather than responding to criticism. It might include ethics in its mission statement and make an effort to prevent any harm to the environment or to its workers. A proactive business might go above and beyond to launch new recycling initiatives, provide benefits and a decent wage to every employee, and offer a percentage of its profits to charity.


The Ronald McDonald House initiative launched by McDonald’s is an excellent illustration of taking a proactive approach. Families can rent one of these homes for a little fee while their sick children receive treatment close by at one of the big medical facilities. This program has received widespread praise.

How to implement corporate social responsibility

Step 1 – Conduct a CSR assessment 

Unless the board of directors, CEO, senior management, or owners acknowledge that some type of CSR-related problem, opportunity, or challenge exists, no company—big or small—is likely to do anything about CSR. This acknowledgment, in turn, gives the motivation to move forward with a CSR assessment with the aim of better understanding the nature of the issue, opportunity, or challenge and its significance for the company.

To find out where the company is at in terms of CSR activity and to identify its “pressure points” for CSR action, it makes sense to first gather and review pertinent information about the firm’s products, services, decision-making processes, and activities. 

The following information should be included in a proper CSR assessment: 

  • the company’s values and ethics; the internal and external drivers motivating the firm to take on a more systematic approach to CSR; 
  • the key CSR issues that are affecting or could affect the firm; 
  • the key stakeholders who need to be engaged and their concerns; 
  • the current corporate decision-making structure and its strengths and inadequacies in terms of implementing a more integrated CSR approach. 

The evaluation should highlight the key risks and opportunities and conclude with a detailed gap analysis to determine where the company excels and where it falls short in comparison to its own objectives, peers, and industry standards. How well does the company’s strategy adapt to new problems and opportunities? This information is crucial for setting priorities and promoting the strategy both inside and outside the company.

Step 2 – Develop a suitable CSR strategy 

The CSR assessment produces a foundation of data that the company may utilize to create a CSR strategy. A CSR strategy serves as a guide for advancing CSR concerns. It establishes the company’s long-term direction and CSR scope, enabling the company to succeed by utilizing its resources in its particular context to meet market demands and satisfy stakeholder expectations. 

An effective CSR plan identifies the following:

  • The stakeholders, their perspectives, and interests; 
  • the general method for going forward; 
  • the particular priority areas; 
  • the timetable for action, accountable staff, and the immediate next steps; 
  • and the procedure for reviewing and assuring outcomes. 

The level of CSR work and awareness that varies across companies will determine the strategy’s content. Some people might prefer to take the “minimum necessary” position. Some people might want to strategically enter certain places.

Step 3 – Develop CSR commitments 

CSR commitments are statements made by companies in their policies or agreements outlining their plans for addressing their social and environmental consequences. When a company transitions from planning to doing, CSR commitments are created. They:  

  • Ensure that the corporate culture of the company is consistent with CSR values; 
  • Assist in aligning and integrating the company’s business strategy, objectives, and goals; Offer employees instructions on how to conduct themselves; and 
  • Communicate the company’s CSR approach to business partners, suppliers, communities, and government bodies. 

Firms must comprehend the variety of available commitments and their differences before adopting CSR commitments. The difference between aspirational and prescriptive promises is essential. Prescriptive commitments, like codes of conduct, specify more specific behaviors to which the firm expressly pledges to adhere, while aspirational commitments typically express the long-term aims of a firm and are stated in generic language.

Step 4 – Implement CSR commitments 

The actions taken on a daily basis to guarantee that the business complies with the letter and spirit of its CSR obligations and, as a result, carries out its CSR strategy are referred to as implementation. Implementation is “walking the walk” if CSR promises are considered “talking the talk.”

As many businesses are aware, success depends on keeping commitments, whether they are related to business or performance expectations. Without adequate justification, breaking CSR commitments can also result in issues such as angry employees, shareholders, business partners, customers, communities, and others. A company that successfully implements its commitments is not only less likely to experience issues but it may also be seen more favorably when issues do occur, as contrasted to a company that consistently fails to fulfill what stakeholders perceive to be its obligations.

Due to the differences across businesses, different strategies will be used to execute CSR. One method for carrying out CSR commitments is demonstrated by the following steps: The following steps should be taken before making commitments public: 

  1. Develop and put into action a CSR business plan; 
  2. Establish an integrated CSR decision-making structure;
  3. Establish quantifiable goals and choose performance metrics;
  4. Engage staff members and other parties who are affected by CSR obligations;
  5. Create and provide CSR training;
  6. Create procedures for handling unwanted behavior;
  7. Make a plan for internal and external communications.

Step 5 – Track your progress

In the end, CSR is about raising performance. As a result, reporting, verification, and assurance are crucial tools to assess if the change has truly occurred, offering interested parties the chance to learn how well the company is keeping its promises and what impact that is having. Reporting is the process of informing stakeholders of an organization’s performance in terms of economic, environmental, and social management. Reporting properly should cover how societal trends are influencing a company and, in turn, how the company’s operations are influencing society. Therefore, reporting might show a company’s desire and readiness to establish itself in a wider setting.

There is an adage that states, “What gets measured gets managed.”  The ability to demonstrate a company’s progress in CSR is essential to its success. It can serve as the foundation for interested parties to make well-informed decisions about whether to invest in the company, buy its products, or support its community outreach initiatives. It can also serve as the foundation for more advancements, risk analysis, and assistance for fresh initiatives and chances. Verification and reporting may also be crucial for getting and keeping a company’s operating license, enhancing internal processes, and fostering connections. Communities, clients, investors, workers, their representatives, regulators, and non-governmental organizations are likely to reference a company’s CSR verification reports if they want to learn more about it and its operations. However, if verification activities and reporting are not carried out in a thorough, professional, and believable manner, they may damage a firm’s credibility and reputation, which may close off prospects and reduce value.

Step 6 – Introspect and improve

An evaluation provides a basis for improvement and change and records the overall development of a company’s CSR strategy. A company is in an excellent position to reevaluate its current tactics and make improvements with the information obtained via verification and reporting. It gives the company the ability to: 

  • ascertain what is working well, why, and how to keep it working; 
  • investigate what is not working well, why, and how to explore the barriers to success and what can be changed to overcome the barriers; 
  • evaluate what competitors and others in the sector are doing and have accomplished; and 
  • revisit initial goals and make new ones as necessary. 

With the use of this data, the company should be able to assess if the present CSR strategy is meeting its goals and whether its execution strategy and overarching plan are sound. 

Things to avoid when creating a CSR business model 

Customers, service users, and employees of organizations are increasingly asking them to participate in CSR that is both authentic and aligned. Organizations want CSR activities to demonstrate a sincere concern for the communities served and to be linked to the organization’s primary goods and services. Therefore, it’s crucial to pick the appropriate CSR initiative(s) to implement.

This means that it’s critical to assess which aspects of ethics, responsibility, and sustainability align with the organization’s brand and the image that the organization wants to project.

Organizations should examine their internal environment when deciding on and developing a CSR strategy to make sure it represents the CSR initiatives they want to promote and be known for.

Illustrations showcasing dubious CSR practices 

  • How are the funds raised if the organization makes charitable contributions? This could be viewed as a questionable practice in terms of CSR if they are connected to the sale of goods and are meant to boost sales figures, such as by promising to donate a portion of the profit from each product sold to a worthy cause, or if the organization takes credit for donations raised from customers and/or employees rather than a donation from the organization’s corporate accounts.
  • Organizations with questionable CSR credentials are those that demand and promote equality and fair working conditions within their supply chains but do not implement these conditions within their own workforce.
  • In contrast, an organization that takes pleasure in its own ethical CSR standards but engages in commerce with dubious suppliers will have its own larger CSR principles questioned.
  • Organizations with dubious CSR values are those that use tactics to avoid paying taxes that are used for society’s benefit while promoting their CSR credentials as a PR marketing strategy of good citizenship.
  • In order to suit their own business operations, large organizations who promote the employment of local suppliers yet utilize accounting systems that pay local, frequently tiny suppliers on a 90-day or longer accounting system financially disadvantage the local community supply chain.

Corporate Social Responsibility: a global perspective 

Many people’s perspectives have changed as a result of climate change and the growth of social justice movements, and these individuals now demand businesses in all industries recognize and address these challenges in their operations and business practices. In order to accomplish societal goals, organizations are urged by the United Nations Global Compact to “align their strategy and operations with universal values on human rights, labor, environment, and anti-corruption.”

United Kingdom 

CSR is regarded by the UK government and the City of London as a best practice. Guidance on CSR-related topics is published by the Association of British Insurers, whose members hold more than 20% of the companies listed on the London Stock Exchange.

Despite the absence of explicit legislation that mandates organizations to implement CSR, the UK Corporate Governance Code’s supporting principles state that the board “should set the company’s values and standards and ensure that its obligations to its shareholders and others are understood and met.” They also state that risk assessment “should cover not only narrow financial risks but also those related to health, safety, environmental, reputational, and other risks.”


In terms of social and environmental standards, Germany already has strict legislation. Nevertheless, a comprehensive set of sustainable business practices is being implemented by the government, large corporations, and civil society.

CSR is viewed as encompassing both social and ecological responsibility in Germany. As consumer and societal demands for information about corporate behavior increased during the past ten years, a lot of businesses began to report on CSR. In 2010, Germany’s Federal Ministry of Labor (BMAS) unveiled a CSR action plan. The goal of this action plan is to promote the CSR idea throughout the whole business community, especially small and medium-sized businesses (SMEs).

As seen in the National CSR Forum established by BMAS, there are numerous participants in the CSR process in Germany. Numerous businesses, consumer advocates, labor unions, employer associations, research organizations, environmentalists, etc. are among them.


Doing Business the Canadian Way is a strategy to advance corporate social responsibility in Canada’s extractive sector abroad. Canada’s updated Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Strategy builds on the knowledge and best practices amassed since the country’s initial CSR strategy, “Building the Canadian Advantage: A Corporate Social Responsibility Strategy for the Canadian Extractive Sector Abroad,” was introduced in 2009.

The revised strategy, which was unveiled on November 14, 2014, indicates unequivocally the Government of Canada’s expectation that Canadian businesses will uphold the highest ethical standards when conducting business abroad and promote Canadian values. The document also describes the government’s plans to support Canadian businesses in enhancing their CSR practices and maximizing the positive effects of their investments on the populations of host nations.


As part of India’s “Inclusive Growth” policy, the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) oversees the CSR effort there. The MCA has released the second iteration of its voluntary sustainable business standards. A CSR initiative is being managed by the German agency for international cooperation, GIZ, and the Indian Institute for Corporate Affairs (IICA). This will make it easier for Germany to contribute its knowledge to the CSR discourse in India. Then-MCA Secretary R. Bandyopadhyay visited BMAS in Berlin in May 2010 and spoke with Secretary of State Andreas Storm about CSR.


Corporate social responsibility-adopting businesses are often set up in a way that gives them the freedom to be and behave in ways that are socially responsible and have a beneficial impact on the world. Depending on the objectives of an organization, it is a type of self-regulation that can be expressed through initiatives or strategies. Through corporate social responsibility reports, many firms let internal and external stakeholders know about these activities. From organization to organization, “socially responsible” is defined differently. The “triple bottom line,” which states that a corporation should be devoted to monitoring its social and environmental effects, sustainability efforts, and earnings, serves as a common framework for businesses. The motivating cause for the triple bottom line is frequently summed up by the proverb “profit, people, and planet.” 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Why do companies get involved in CSR and how does it benefit them?

Companies are now understanding that they must become socially responsible if they want to remain effective, competitive, and relevant in a commercial environment that is changing quickly. National borders have become hazier due to globalization, and time and distance have become more elusive thanks to technology. Companies desire to improve their capacity to manage their earnings and risks, as well as safeguard the reputation of their brands, in light of the fundamental shift in the business environment. As a result of globalization, there is severe competition for qualified workers, investors, and customer loyalty. The sustainability of a company’s commercial success can be substantially influenced by how it interacts with its employees, host communities, and the marketplace.

What is the role of CSR in international health development? 

When creative CSR initiatives are launched in collaboration with the government and civil society, the business community may significantly contribute to the promotion of health and well-being. Everywhere but the most isolated regions or closed communities, business has a significant impact. Business has participated in philanthropic, charitable, and civic endeavors for many years, including social investments in health. Businesses now recognize that, when viewed through the prism of “doing well by doing well,” CSR may be a revolutionary means of bringing about systemic societal reforms in which investments can result in long-term social benefits in the field of health.

What is the number of companies practicing CSR?

Numerous CSR groups and business associations support corporate social responsibility, and their combined membership includes thousands of large, small, and medium-sized businesses operating in a range of industries. Business for Social Responsibility, situated in San Francisco, has 1,400 corporate members in the US alone. These businesses collectively employ more than six million people globally and generate US$1.5 trillion in revenue annually. The International Business Leaders Forum, based in London, has affiliate resource centers in emerging market economies where there is a demand for business involvement in social causes, and it has 60 big global companies among its members in Europe. The Philippines, Brazil, Egypt, India, Indonesia, and other emerging nations have business organizations that are focused on CSR. As there are CSR-supporting businesses and organizations, it can be claimed that there are many different types of CSR activities.


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